Airport Name: Washington Dulles International Airport, named after John Foster Dulles, who was Secretary of State under President Dwight D. Eisenhower from 1953-1959.
Airport Opening Date: Dedicated November 17, 1962 (copy of the program)
Official Airport Designator: IAD
Location: Dulles, Virginia
Terminal: Designed by architect Eero Saarinen. Total cost of original Terminal: $108.3 million.
Built on 10,000 acres situated in Loudoun and Fairfax Counties in Virginia, approximately 26 miles from downtown Washington, D.C. In 1999, an additional 1,000 acres were acquired. In 2005, an additional 830 acres were acquired.
Current land area: 11,830 acres (approximately 5,000 acres are used for aircraft operations)
Dulles Airport has 139 airline gates.
- Concourse A: 35 commuter gates + 12 mainline gates
- Concourse B: 28 mainline gates
- Concourse C: 22 mainline gates
- Concourse D: 22 mainline gates
- Concourse Z: 4 mainline gates
- Hard Stand Aircraft Locations: 16
The Terminal was originally built as a compact two-level structure 600 feet long and 200 feet wide, from the design of world renowned architect Eero Saarinen.
The October 1, 1996, expansion of the Terminal was a prominent milestone in the Capital Development Program. The Terminal was expanded from 600 feet in length and 500,000 square feet to 1,240 feet in length with a total of 1.1 million square feet all in accordance with Eero Saarinen’s original design.
International Arrivals Building
The International Arrivals Building opened in 1991, and provides Federal Customs and Border Protection, Agriculture and Immigration Service. In 1998, the federal government opened a secured facility in Concourse C for international passengers connecting to domestic flights on United Airlines.
Concourse C/D was completed in 1985 to serve as an interim facility and will eventually be replaced by a permanent facility. The concourse is 550,000 square feet and has 47 airline gates.
Regional Concourse A opened on May 2, 1999 with more than 110,000 square feet to serve 36 regional aircraft positions.
Concourse B opened on February 1, 1998 and was expanded in 2003 to 27 gates and 540,000 square feet. A 15-gate extension at the West End of the concourse opened January 15, 2008. This increased the length of the 42-gate concourse to 2,810 feet and the area to 800,000 square feet.
The Z Gates opened on August 1, 2005 as a new part of the Terminal. This is a permanent 20,800-square-foot facility built with 5 airline gates, currently deployed in a 4-gate configuration.
The AeroTrain system opened to passengers on January 26, 2010. Read more about the construction of this system.
The airport also maintains a fleet of 19 Mobile Lounges and 30 Plane Mates, which offer a unique service transporting passengers between airport facilities and the aircraft.
Mobile Lounges and Plane Mates offer a unique service transporting passengers between the Terminal and Concourses A and D.
The Mobile Lounge was designed by the Chrysler Corporation in association with the Budd Company. It is a 54-foot long, 16-foot wide, 17 1/2-foot high vehicle, weighing 76,500 pounds. A Mobile Lounge can carry 102 passengers- 71 of them seated- directly from the Terminal to the aircraft on the ramp. When the Airport opened in 1962, passengers had to walk only 200 feet once they entered the Terminal until they were seated in the Mobile Lounge for the short trip directly to their aircraft, a unique service offered only at Dulles.
The Plane Mates are 15 feet high, 15 feet wide, 54 feet long and weigh 79,300 pounds. Similar to Mobile Lounges, Plane Mates were designed so that passengers could board directly from the Plane Mate onto the aircraft, avoiding walking on the airfield.
In 2004, a new passenger walkway opened between the Terminal and Concourse B. This 1,000-foot walkway has moving sidewalks in both directions, allowing passengers an alternative route to access airline gates at Concourse B.
There are four runways at Dulles
- 1L/19R 9,400 feet long and began service November 20, 2008.
- 1C/19C 11,500 feet long and began service when Dulles opened in 1962.
- 1R/19L 11,500 feet long and began service when Dulles opened in 1962.
- 12/30 10,500 feet long and began service when Dulles opened in 1962.
A fifth runway, which will run parallel to runway 12/30, has not been scheduled for construction yet.
Public parking is available for more than 24,000 vehicles. There are two Garages, four economy parking lots and one hourly lot in front of the Terminal. The following forms of payment are accepted: cash, check, American Express, Diners, Discover Card, MasterCard and Visa.
Pay & Go
Pay & Go is an automated system designed for quick and easy exiting from the parking facilities at Dulles Airport. Pay & Go is available in all daily, hourly and economy parking areas. Pay & Go machines are located on the Arrivals Level of the Terminal near the exit doors and on the pedestrian bridge, which connects the Terminal to the Parking Garages. Visa, MasterCard, American Express, Discover and Diners Club are accepted.
There are 198 lane miles of roads on the airport property.
The 16-mile Dulles Airport Access Road provides two dedicated lanes in each direction and a direct connection to Interstate Route I-66 and the Capital Beltway.
There are seven cargo buildings on the airport property with a total of over 540,000 square feet of operational space.
The array of shopping and dining opportunities offered at Washington Dulles includes nearly 100 privately-owned and operated food and retail shops located throughout the airport. Many nationally and internationally recognized brands operate at Dulles. Concourse B is the centerpiece of the retail program, featuring 13,000 square feet of retail space. In all, the retail and restaurant program occupies more than 50,000 square feet at the airport. An airport-wide Redevelopment Program began in 2013 to address the changing needs of the traveling public.
View the Shopping and Dining Guide.
Signature Flight Support and Jet Aviation serve as the Fixed Base Operators for the general aviation community.
Signature has a 67,000 square foot facility on the east side of the Airport.
Jet Aviation has an 84,000 square foot facility north of the Terminal on the west side of the Airport property.
Operations and Statistics
View the latest reports and chart of Dulles passenger and operations statistics.
View maps showing destinations served from Washington Dulles International Airport.
View a list of airlines serving Washington Dulles International Airport.
View a list of air cargo carriers at Washington Dulles International Airport.
A multi-billion dollar construction program began in 2000 to meet future passenger demand. Major projects included two new parking garages, a fourth runway, a new concourse, a new Air Traffic Control tower, pedestrian walkways and an airport train system. This project was called the Dulles Development program, or D2. More information can be found at the D2 program website.
View our 2012 Regional Economic Impact study